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WHAT ARE THEOCRACY, MONARCHY, DICTATORSHIP, SOCIALISM, MARXISM, COMMUNISM



THEOCRACY:
A government which claims to be immediately directed by God, and divinely blessed. The country tends to be intolerant either passively or overtly to faiths other than that recognized by the state.  The country identifies itself and its laws within religion and religious doctrine.  There is no legal separation between church and state, and citizens of other faiths are often excluded or hampered from participation or expelled.  Because a theocracy is exclusionary, it can never be a democracy which requires inclusion without exception of all equally.  It cannot be a republic because a republic requires the separation of church and state and equal rights to all.

Examples of theocratic countries include Israel and  Iran. 

MONARCHY: 
A government that has a single person who is generally considered the ruler by the title and birthright. Titles include: Czar, King, Queen, Emperor, Caesar, etc... Power is absolute and is either taken through conquest or passed down to family members without regard for ability or appropriateness.  Society is formed around feudal groups or tribes in which the ruling family delegates power and authority based upon the desires of a single individual.  Power struggles are common.  A monarchy is based upon a class system where those of a certain birthright are perceived to be of superior intellect and strength to those not of the same family line. The resources and wealth of a country is generally preserved solely for the hedonistic and self-fulfilling desires of the reigning monarch with little regard for the general population or its welfare.  The inhabitants of a country under a monarch are alive to serve the monarch.  In contrast the inhabitants of a republic are served by the their leaders.   Examples of Monarchy include Saudi Arabia, Jordan and Monaco. 

DICTATORSHIP:

Generic term used to describe any government controlled by a single individual and giving the people little or no individual freedom. Typically a person who rules by threat of force.  People who are loyal to a dictatorship swear allegiance to the person first and the country second. Fascism, Theocracies, Monarchies and Communism  can all be dictatorships. A Republic cannot be a dictatorship. Examples of Dictatorship include North Korea and Cuba. TOP

MARXISM:

The theory of government based on the ideals of Karl Marx and Frederick Engels in the book The Communist Manifesto written in the 1800's. Marxism advocates the "workers" (Proletariats and petite-bourgeoisie) rise up and overthrow businesses and government and take control themselves. Marxism advocates a classless society in which everything is shared and owned by all. In its true form it follows the mandates of a Direct Democracy in which the mob or general population rules and allocates resources based upon the will of the majority with equal consideration given to all without exclusions or privileges to any. Examples include the former Soviet Union. TOP

SOCIALISM and Democracy:

Limited government interference in business activity, (as opposed to the above) but more than in capitalism. Certain areas of an individual's life are controlled and representation tend to be parliamentary in nature. In other words, people vote for a particular party and the party elects the leaders of the country. The notable difference here is that there is MORE THAN one party.  Examples include most Western European Countries. TOP

SOCIALISM AND COMMUNISM:

Severe government interference in economics, but not absolute. Centralized planning by the government, ONE PARTY rule, and stresses that there should be only one class of people. This differs from Socialism/Democracy which allows for individual differences. Examples include the former Soviet Union.  China is currently heading in this direction, through the softening of its Marxist/Dictatorship past.


Sources: 
1. George Dimitrov, Against Fascism and War, New York: International Publishers, 1986.

2. R Palme Dutt, Fascism and Social Revolution, New York: International Publishers, 1934.

Anonymous commented on 01-Nov-2011 11:45 AM2 out of 5 stars
more info
Anonymous commented on 23-Jan-2012 05:43 PM5 out of 5 stars
was very informative




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